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wk 14A everyday forms of resistance

wk 14A everyday forms of resistance - Wk 14A Weapons of the...

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Wk 14A: Weapons of the  Weak  Everyday Forms of Resistance
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Theory about Social  Inequality: “The Culture of  Poverty” Idea Traits “passed down” to  children Criminal behavior Substance abuse Violent, aggressive  behavior Petty acts of Pilfering;  stealing; cheating Foul language and speech  play; wounding,  humiliating, annihilating Values of inferiority,  aggression and fatalism
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The Culture of Poverty  Theory Popularized by Oscar Lewis, 1959 Five  Families: Mexican Case Studies in the  Culture of Poverty Social Theory explaining the cycle of poverty Concept that the poor have a unique value  system that reproduces their burdon of  poverty and prohibits them from rising above  it Led, instead to a subculture of poverty with  certain generalizable traits
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Danger!: Culture of Poverty  Theory Reinforces  Dominant Ideology Basic psychoanalytic paradigm: cultural  behaviors of the poor are interpreted as  symbols of aggression, pathology and lack of  control  Described as a kind of cultural “inferiority  complex” Interpreted as a kind of unsublimated and  irrational demand for power that calls for some  form of social control:  Blames the victim! reinforces conditions of  poverty
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Problem Culture of Poverty  Theory: Blame the Victim! Appeal to a culturalist, rather than a  structuralist form of explanation Disregard political and economic forces of history-- social inequality--and the decisive effect on the  nature of culture at a given historical moment Rely on superficial and reductive  psychoanalytic theory Poor folks’ culture is fundamentally the acting out  of a psychological core of aggression and  inferiority; minimizes role of history and society in  producing a massive, exploited and chronically  unemployed underclass
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