October 17, 2018 POLS 1000 Introduction to Politics –Lecture Week 6 Review on Last Week •Four requirements for citizenship in Athens: male, free, age of majority, and born of a father citizen of Athens and a mother who is a daughter of a citizen of Athens (to ensure power of the poor is not diluted). oCategories of people living in Athens that would be excluded: slaves, metics, women oExclusion is political but depending on category could have different ramifications. Post-First Democracy •The Athenian political experience will come to a brutal end when King Philip of Macedonia will put an end to Athenian independence in 330 BCE. •Alexander the Great will integrate Athens into a vast empire: Persia, Iran, Egypt and parts of India oAthens will no longer be a polis within this empire, it will be a part of the empire. oAlexander will love Athenian culture (Hellenic culture) but he will destroy the conditions of this culture ▪Alexander and the Colonies: book written by Aristotle •With the political destruction of the polis will come also the disappearance of its distinctive politics. oAthens will be destroyed and with it a type of freedom and equality will disappear. •The Western world will have to wait until the Renaissance for this type of freedom and equality to reappear. oFor political equality/freedom, for isonomy to reappear, it will take about 1600 years. Remembrance of Great Things Passed: Brief History of Renaissance •General development of history, renaissance will represent a fundamental turning point for the western mind. •Historical it will represent the end of the Christian middle ages and beginning of madurity. •Renaissance–14, 15 and a little bit of the 16thcentury AD. •The term renaissance designates a cultural renewal and rebirth that occurs in Europe due to scientific, economic and philosophical changes. •Scientific changes: oThe printing press –not only develop literacy but also develop local languages. oDiscovery of firearms, the new world, etc. oThese changes will shape the outlook of the Renaissance. •Philosophical changes: oA revolution in perspectives occurs during the renaissance. oThe philosophy of the renaissance is called humanism and with humanism will be ushered in a new vision of man. oThis vision of man will seek to emancipate him from the domination of God. oIf in the middles ages man will be seen as the servant of God, with humanism, man is now seen as being able to attain excellence in all things human. oThe focus will no longer be on what man should do to satisfy the requirements of God or the church. It will be on the inheritant abilities of Man to attain excellence.