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NOTES SECTION TWO: Slide 1: Understanding some basic elements of Roman history is needed to comprehend the background to the Letter to the Romans. Slide 2: In Palestine the Roman period starts in 63 B.C. Civil unrest attracted the attention of Rome and consequently, Pompey invaded. At the time, the Roman Empire (Republic) was ruled by two triumvirates. Slides 3-5: Read the information material entitled: Roman Emperors. Slide 6: Biblical and extra-biblical sources provide insight into the Letter to the Romans. Hence understanding of these sources is important. Slide 7: First of all, one must differentiate between biblical and extra-biblical sources, i.e. canonical and noncanonical sources. But what is the canon? Slide 8: In order to appreciate and understand the canon one must pay attention to the history of the canon. Slide 9: The canonization (deciding which books were in or out) took place at different times for the Old Testament and the New Testament. Notice the role heresy played. Slide 10: Different processes were involved in the canonization of the New Testament. One of those processes involved was oral tradition. The church fathers wrote concerning the accuracy of the oral renderings. One must understand the role stories and the memorization thereof played in the culture. The culture was oral rather than literate. Stories were passed on religiously, paying painstaking attention to details and accuracy. 1
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Slide 11: The process of canonization differed for the East and the West, The rate of acceptance of certain Bible books was easier in the West than it was in the East to this day, the eastern orthodox churches do not recognize the book of Revelation as inspired Scripture. Slide 12: When the councils met they had several criteria they used. Apostolicity was among those criteria. Books had to be related somehow to the apostles. Of course at the time, Hebrew was believed to have been authored by the apostle Paul (which most scholars deny today). So how about that criteria? Well, there were more criteria. Orthodoxy was another
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2009 for the course BIBL 3653 taught by Professor Roudkovski during the Summer '09 term at LeTourneau.

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