Roman_Emperors

Roman_Emperors - 1 EMPERORS 31 B.C.-A.D. 138 AUGUSTUS (31...

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EMPERORS 31 B.C.-A.D. 138 AUGUSTUS (31 B.C.-A.D. 14) TIBERIUS (A.D. 14-37) GAIUS à CALIGULA (A.D. 37-41) CLAUDIUS (A.D. 41-54) NERO (A.D 54-68) GALBA (A.D. 68-69) ORTHO (A.D. 69) VITELLIUS (A.D. 69) VESPASIAN (A.D. 69-79) TITUS (A.D. 79-81) DOMITIAN (A.D. 81-96) NERVA (A.D 96-98) TRAJAN (A.D. 98-117) HADRIAN (A.D. 117-135) AUGUSTUS (31 B.C.-A.D.14) Augustus was the adopted son of Caesar. His original name was Gaius Octavius. He changed his name to Gaius Julius Caesar after Caesar’s death. He was declared Augustus in 27 B.C. His mom was the niece of Julius Ceasar. Augustus was the first emperor of Rome. At 15 or 16 he was appointed a priest (pontifex). He was a member of the second triumvirate (Octavian, antonius, and Lepidus in 42 B.C.) In 44 B.C. Julius Caesar was assassinated by Brutus and Cassius and Octavius. Augustus was posthumously adopted as heir. Augustus spent massive sums on architectural adornment of Rome. He stimulated public protest against Antonius’s gifts of imperial territory to Cleopatra and declared war against Cleopatra. He put to death Cleopatra’s son, Caesarian, and annexed Egypt. He practiced divination. On the death of Lepidus in 12 B.C. Augustus succeeded him as the official chief priest. His measures of military and security sources created the Roman Principate. The imperial system was funded by two taxes: poll-tax and land-tax. During Augustus’s reign, Judeae changed from client-state to a Roman province. He forced Agrippa’s widow, Julia, to marry Tiberius (his stepson). 1
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TIBERIUS (A.D. 14-37) Tiberius was the son of the aristocrat Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. When he was two years old, his father fled because of his republican beliefs. His parents divorced when he was four so Livia could marry Octavian. After the death of Agrippa in 12 B.C. Augustus had compelled Tiberia to divorce Vipsania in order to marry Julia, Augustus’s daughter and Agrippa’s widow. In A.D. 4 he was adopted by Augustus. The greatest drama and tragedy of his life arose from the elevation of Lucius Aelius Sejanus who was the emperor’s principle advisor. He left Rome and went to live on the island of Capri because he (1) wanted to get away
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Roman_Emperors - 1 EMPERORS 31 B.C.-A.D. 138 AUGUSTUS (31...

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