Romans_Online_Section_2 - SOME BRIEF ROMAN HISTORY Slide 1...

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Unformatted text preview: SOME BRIEF ROMAN HISTORY Slide 1 THE ROMAN PERIOD (63 B.C. ) 63 B.C. Pompey invaded Jerusalem Slide 2 THE ROMAN EMPERORS Slide 3 EMPERORS 31 B.C.A.D. 68 AUGUSTUS (31 B.C.A.D. 14) TIBERIUS (A.D. 1437) GAIUS CALIGULA (A.D. 3741) CLAUDIUS (A.D. 4154) NERO (A.D 5468) Slide 4 Slide 5 BIBLICAL AND EXTRA BIBLICAL SOURCES Slide 6 QUESTION: WHAT IS [THE] CANON? 1) A COLLECTION OF AUTHORITATIVE BOOKS AN AUTHORITATIVE COLLECTION OF BOOKS Slide 7 1) THE HISTORY OF (THE) CANON Slide 8 Canonization of the O.T. Rabbinic councils of Jerusalem (A.D. 65) and Jamnia (A.D. 90) closed the Jewish canon in response to the perceived heresy of the Church which proclaimed Christ as God. Slide 9 Canonization of the N.T. ORAL TRADITION The Apostolic Fathers (Papias of Hierapolis & Irenaeus of Lyons) gave evidence of an oral tradition that was beginning to be preserved in writings. Slide 10 EASTERN AND WESTERN CANONS CRITERIA FOR THE N.T. CANON: APOSTOLICITY ORTHODOXY ANTIQUITY USAGE INSPIRATION Slide 12 COUNCILS: Synod of Laodicea (A.D. 363) Council of Hippo in Africa (A.D. 393) Synod of Carthage (A.D. 397) Slide 13 DEVELOPMENT OF N.T. CANON: The East had a shorter canon than the West. The West accepted Revelation easier. The West also accepted the disputed general epistles sooner. Slide 14 NONCANONICAL WRITINGS AND NEW TESTAMENT INTERPRETATION Slide 15 THE VALUE OF NONCANONICAL WRITINGS FOR N.T. EXEGESIS: The meaning of words Syntax The meaning of concepts History Historical, social, and religious context Exegetical context Hermeneutical context Slide 16 Canonical context EXAMPLES OF APOCRYPHA: Apocalypses Infancy Gospels Gnostic writings Other Acts Gospels of other apostles Slide 17 MOTIVES OF APOCRYPHAL WRITINGS: Some have similar motives as canonical literature; to provide an authoritative norm for the proclamation of the gospel Filling in "the gaps" Supplementation in regards to doctrine Slide 18 OTHER SOURCES: Jewish writings Greek writings Roman (historical) writings Ancient Bible translations Josephus Maccabees, etc. Philo Eusebius Apostolic Fathers Slide 19 THE HISTORY OF INTERPRETATION Slide 20 A BRIEF HISTORY OF INTERPRETATION: JEWISH INTERPRETATION APOSTOLIC PERIOD (ca. A.D. 30100) PATRISTIC PERIOD (ca. A.D. 100590) MIDDLE AGES (ca. A.D. 5901500) REFORMATION (ca. A.D. 15001650) POSTREFORMATION PERIOD (ca A.D. 16501800) MODERN PERIOD (ca. A.D. 1800present) Slide 21 JEWISH INTERPRETATION: RABBINIC JUDAISM HELLENISTIC JUDAISM THE QUMRAN COMMUNITY Slide 22 APOSTOLIC PERIOD: TYPOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION LITERALCONTEXTUAL INTERPRETATION PRINCIPLE APPLICATION Slide 23 PATRISTIC PERIOD: THE APOSTOLIC FATHERS (ca. A.D. 100 150) typology/allegory/midrash ALEXANDRA (allegory) vs ANTIOCH (theoria deeper meaning) (ca. A.D. 150400) CHURCH COUNCILS "rule of faith" (ca. A.D. 400590) Slide 24 MIDDLE AGES: Diminished use of allegory More use of reason Slide 25 REFORMATION: SOLA SCRIPTURA Slide 26 POSTREFORMATION: PIETISM RATIONALISM Slide 27 MODERN PERIOD: 19TH CENTURY HISTORICAL CRITICAL METHODOLOGY/SOURCE CRITICISM 20TH CENTURY HISTORY OF RELIGION/FORM CRITICISM POSTWWI NEOORTHODOXY POSTWWII BIBLICAL THEOLOGY MOVEMENT/REDACTION CRITICISM/ ETC. Slide 28 ...
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