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article2 - Russian Education and Society vol 43 no 6 June...

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5 Russian Education and Society , vol. 43, no. 6, June 2001, pp. 5–26. © 2001 M.E. Sharpe, Inc. All rights reserved. ISSN 1060-9393/2001 $9.50 + 0.00. L.D. M IROSHNICHENKO , V.E. P ELIPAS , AND L.N. R YBAKOVA Problems of Narcotics Prevention in the Adolescent Community In recent years the Russian Federation has experienced an alarm- ing rise in amounts of confiscated narcotics, number of crimes linked to illegal trafficking in narcotics, and scale of nonmedical use of narcotics. The negative medical, social, and psychological problems caused by this phenomenon are getting worse. Narcotics are becoming more and more widely available. It is a topic that is familiar and commonplace in the mass media. Par- ents and teachers, physicians and journalists, and society as a whole are all worried by the spread of narcotics abuse, and they have objective reasons to be. According to figures of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, as of 1 January 1999 the narcology dispensaries had on their books 160,000 narcotics addicts (109.6 for every 100,000 population), more than 93,000 abusers of narcotic substances, more than 13,000 people addicted to toxic substances, and more than 29,000 abusers of potent toxic substances. In the past ten years there has been a more than fivefold increase in the number of registered people who are addicted to narcotics. English translation © 2001 by M.E. Sharpe, Inc., from the Russian text © 2000 by “Pedagogika.” “Problemy antinarkoticheskoi profilaktiki v podrostkovoi srede,” Pedagogika, 2000, no. 3, pp. 3–13. A publication of the Russian Academy of Education and the Open University of Russia.
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6 RUSSIAN EDUCATION AND SOCIETY One feature of the narcotics situation in Russia at the present time is the fact that the rate of growth of narcotics addiction among adolescents is rising faster than the corresponding rate for the population as a whole. A drastic rise in these figures began in 1993, and it has continued in recent years, although the rate is slowing down. In 1993–95, for example, the number of adoles- cents detected for the first time to be addicted to narcotics rose by two or more times every year; in 1997, however, the increase was 14.5 percent, and in 1998 it was 8.5 percent. The number of newly registered adolescents abusing narcotics rose every year by these rates: by 61.9 percent in 1993, by 46.7 percent in 1994, by 30.9 percent in 1995, and by 10.2 percent in 1996. Over a period of ten years these figures rose by 8.3 and 5.3 times, respectively. In that time period, the indicators of the incidence of addiction to toxic substances among adolescents increased by 1.8 times. The incidence of alcohol addiction among adolescents in the 1990s did not show that kind of rapid change. Between 1992 and 1998 the number of adolescents detected for the first time as be- ing addicted to alcohol increased by only 1.3 times, whereas in the case of those addicted to narcotics the increase was 17-fold.
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