ch_5 - Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 5: The Sound...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 5: The Sound Patterns of Language
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Metaphors for places of production - review Bilabial lip sounds Labiodental biting lip sounds Dental/interdental tongue tip sounds Alveolar bump sounds Palatal middle sounds Velar back sounds Glottal  throat sounds
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Metaphors for manners of production -  review Fricatives hissing/long sounds Glides and liquids         flowing sounds Affricates  engine chugging    sounds Nasals nose sounds Voiced voice box/voice on,     buzzing sounds Voiceless  voice box/voice off, not    a buzzing sound
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Natural classes of sounds Sounds that share one or more feature EX: oral stops Features: [+ stop] What are they? EX: Voiceless stops Features: [- voice], [+ stop] What are they? EX: Voiced stops Features: [+ voice], [+ stop]
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Examples EX: oral stops Features: [+ stop] P, b, t, d, k, g – b/c they stop airflow EX: Voiceless stops Features: [- voice], [+ stop] p, t, k EX: Voiced stops Features: [+ voice], [+ stop] B, d, g
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Phonetics Phonetics is the study of characteristics of speech sounds. Articulatory phonetics is the study of how speech sounds are  articulated. The sounds we discussed last time were idealizations  because there is a great deal of variability in how those  sounds are produced.
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Variability  Interspeaker variability:  any two people’s  productions of a given speech sound will differ  due to physical differences in their vocal tracts  Intraspeaker variability:  any individual produces  a given speech sound differently in different  situations 
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Examples Normal individual variability in size of vocal folds,  length of oral cavity, etc… Whispering vs. shouting, tired vs. rested, with or  without a cold Language change – vowel merger Pin/pen example  - vowel merger – cot and caught in
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Phonology Phonology:  description of the systems and patterns  of speech sounds in a language.  It is concerned  with the abstract aspects of language sounds rather  than how they are physically articulated.
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ch_5 - Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 5: The Sound...

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