Ch_6 - COMD 2050: Chapter 6 Children go thru stages of...

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COMD 2050:  Chapter 6
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Children go thru stages of pronouncing words  differently from adults. These mispronunciations are consistent patterns  we call phonological processes. Described in terms of phoneme features (place  and manner of articulation) or in terms of  syllable structure. Occur in typically developing children but may  persist in children with articulation disorders.
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When a consonant cluster is reduced to a single  consonant. /p e n/ for ‘plane’ /t  ^  k/ for ‘truck’ /s i p/ for ‘sleep’
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Insertion of vowel, usually the schwa / /, between  Ə two members of a consonant cluster. /b    l u/ for ‘blue’ Ə /s    w i t/ for ‘sweet’ Ə
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Repetition of a syllable. /w a w a/ for ‘water’ /d a d a/ for ‘daddy’
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Failure to produce the unstressed syllable of a  multisyllabic (usually 3 syllable) word. /p  ε   d i/ for ‘spaghetti’ /n æ n   / for ‘banana’ Ə
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Substitution of a stop for a fricative or affricate. /t o p/ for ‘soap’ /k æ t/ for ‘catch’ /t I n/ for ‘thin’
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Not all children do all these processes. Most common syllable deletion final consonant deletion Gliding cluster reduction
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Etymology: the study of the origin and history of a  word How are new words created? We create new words because there may not be  another way to express ourselves – we don’t know  or cant remember the word to use. 
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The invention of a totally new word.  It does not  happen often.  Its usually a specific brand name 
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Ch_6 - COMD 2050: Chapter 6 Children go thru stages of...

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