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Ch_17student - COMD 2050 Click to edit Master subtitle...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style COMD 2050 Chapter 17: Language History and Change
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Language history Sir William Jones pioneer in the study of language studied ancient Indian law written in a language called Sanskrit noticed similarities between the verb forms and grammar of Sanskrit, Greek and Latin
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History Philology: the study of the history of languages. The name of the mother language = Proto-Indo-European “Proto”: original or first form “Indo-European”: the source of modern languages in the Indian sub-continent and in Europe.
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Language tree All of these languages belong to one family – the Proto-Indo-European.
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Language tree English is in the Germanic family of languages along with German, Dutch, Swedish, etc…
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Language tree Romance languages – Yule calls this family Italic. Includes all descendants of Latin: French, Spanish,
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Language tree Ancient Greek has only one surviving descendant, Modern Greek, but the Balto-Slavic languages like Russian, Polish, and Czech are somewhat related to
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Languages There are more native speakers of Chinese than any other language – about 1 billion, although there are different dialects – Mandarin and Cantonese. English is more widely used in different parts of the world than any other language and has about 350 million native speakers.
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Languages 300 million native speakers of Spanish. 200 million native speakers of Hindi (one of the languages of India). 150 million native speakers of both Arabic and Russian.
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Family relationships How do linguists decide which languages are related? Similarities in the pronunciation
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2009 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Ch_17student - COMD 2050 Click to edit Master subtitle...

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