202-Conflict and Order-Ch.3-outline

202-Conflict and Order-Ch.3-outline - Sociology NCSU Dr...

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Sociology, NCSU, Dr. Margaret Terry Text: In Conflict and Order , Eitzen and Baca Zinn Chapter 3 The Duality of Social Life: Order and Conflict I. Introduction A. Violence – in an unequal society , “violence” depends on one’s vantage point in the power structure. 1. disruption of the “status quo” 2. politically defined, selective definitions 3. violence as the social conditions the people are forced to live under, where their needs are not being met in their society due to artificially-created constraints. 4. condoned or condemned by the powerful if violence supports, or does not support, existing social and political arrangements. II. Social Systems: Order and Conflict A. The analysis of society begins with a mental image or model of its structure. 1. The analytical model (what scientists look for, see, how they explain) 2. segmentation a. society is composed of parts. b. What is the basic relationship among the parts? B. The order model (functionalism) – In an unequal society, are ideals, not reality. 1. characteristics of society: a. cohesion, consensus, cooperation, reciprocity, stability, persistence. b. parts are in harmony with each other. c. cooperation, integration, consensus on societal goals and cultural values. 2. Central question for order theorists a. What is the nature of the social bond? b. What produces social cohesion?
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3. Emile Durkheim analyzes order: a. two types: (1) collective beliefs, members are alike (2) differentiation, division of labor (specialized tasks), interdependence b. consequences of social structures: (1) manifest consequence – intended (2) latent consequence – unintended = dysfunctions of social structures and activities C. The conflict model 1. The view of society based on analysis of the reality of artificially-created inequality: . power/ domination . oppression . exploitation . coercion . deception In an unequal society, conflict: a. is an ongoing feature of social life. b. influences the distribution of power c. influences direction, magnitude of social change d. social integration is minimal because people are oppressed, suppressed and their needs are not being met in their society. e.
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202-Conflict and Order-Ch.3-outline - Sociology NCSU Dr...

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