3 - The fourth solution to the freerider problem is...

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The fourth solution to the free-rider problem is  federalism.  This helps to  give people a feeling that they have some kind of contribution to the group or  organization. How does labor union deal with the free-rider problem? Closed shop –  forcing the workers to join the unions. Picketing – ?  The Wagner Act of 1937 coerced the employers.  However, Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 banned closed shop. Closed shops  were replaced by union shops in some states. Members don’t have to be a part  of the union however they must at one point or another pay a fee.  Larger groups have difficulties in managing their members. Small group  members tend to not free-ride as much. Bolsheviks were much more organized  even though they were smaller.  Successful farmer example: small groups are much more powerful in  establishing their norms over others.  Trust – one of the most important problems in social science. There is  always an element of risk. In social interactions, the risk is higher because often 
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3 - The fourth solution to the freerider problem is...

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