13 - Marx argues the main function of superstructure is to...

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Marx – argues the main function of superstructure is to reflect the mode of  production and to make sure that the property relation in that society is produced.  Reflect in the sense that mode of production is based on competition. For model  of production to go on, the relation of production must be assured. Government is  supposed to protect the rights of the property classes against property-less class.  State is simply the executive committee of the bourgeoisie. At economic  level, firstly capitalists are exploiting workers – they’re only giving them enough to  be able to go into work the next day. The rest they appropriate and pull out profits  and then invest. Secondly, capitalists are competing with each other. Capitalists  don’t necessarily like each other in this sense. However, in order for them to  exploit workers, they need to also establish a political institution that will protect  them against the other class. At the economic level, capitalists are unorganized.  They’re simply competing with each other. Political institutions protect their class  interest. According to Marx, a state protects property rights of the bourgeoisie. For  capitalists to keep on exploiting workers they need strong legal institutions back 
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