Exam 2 Review - #41: women's employment has been...

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#41: women’s employment has been consistently undercounted in U.S. censuses. Although much of the undercounting has been corrected, much of women’s employment in the informal or irregular economy is not counted such as in-home child care, piece work, domestic service, or giving piano lessons. These jobs seem to be invisible and not counted for because they are do not fit into society’s definitions, measurements of employment. They’re not considered to be “real” jobs (can I use this?). The women who are performing these jobs become invisible because they mask their work schedule so that they can be with their family. In other words, they move their schedules around so they can spend more time with their families. One example is when Garey interviewed her students, they all found “discoveries” about their grandmothers or mothers. They didn’t think they actually worked. Most of these women work at temporary or seasonal jobs so their husbands do not account their jobs as real work. This refusal is an example of the ideology that women’s work is secondary to men’s work. Men see themselves as the breadwinners. Many women choose to work the night shift to be able to be home with their children during the day and for their husbands to take care of the children at night. This strategy allows women to be the perfect mother while still able to work. The idea of the perfect mother is the stay-at-home mother. Women argue that by the time they leave for work, their children are already sleeping. What is most important to them is when they are at home with their children, which is usually during the day. Besides being able to stay at home with their children, why do these mothers prefer the night shift? For example, there are direct economic reasons for nurses. The hospital pays night nurses higher per hour than the ones working day shift, childcare costs are reduced because other family members are there to look after the children. The use of shift work by couples can tremendously reduce the costs of childcare. Dual-earner couples with children under fourteen years are more likely to work non-day shifts than are dual-earner couples with children older than fourteen . Why won’t women let men do the nightshifts? They tend to associate their responsibilities to be a good mother. The responsibilities include: doctor or dentist appointments, parent-teacher conference, friends’ birthday parties, shopping for special occasions like Halloween, etc. Women prefer to do these activities with their children because they are key activities to be a good mother. They recognize these as their identities as mothers. Whereas men refuse to do these jobs because of the negative reactions they face from other men co-workers. Men believe the same reason as women that these activities are symbolically linked to construction of gender. Disadvantages:
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2009 for the course SOC 359 taught by Professor Williams during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas.

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Exam 2 Review - #41: women's employment has been...

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