exam2.08.review - Labor and Labor Movements (359) Fall 2008...

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Labor and Labor Movements (359) Fall 2008 Study Guide for Exam 2 This is a list of concepts that have been covered in the lectures, films, and readings for this portion of the class. You are responsible for knowing all of this material. The examination will consist of two questions. The actual questions will be worded differently. You will be graded on both the content and the writing quality of your answers. You are expected to incorporate specific examples in your answers. BRING A BLUE BOOK TO THE EXAMINATION Income inequality in America—what does this mean, and how extensive is it? Major sources of income inequality Income differences based on race/ethnicity, and their causes Gender wage gap, and its causes -- Statistical discrimination – when employers make assumptions about applicants before having the chance to review systematically qualifications of the applicant. Occupational segregation Unequal division of family work Sexual harassment Hard skills and soft skills Should there be income inequality? Major theoretical and policy perspectives. Service work, types Productivity in service jobs—what is it, and how is it measured? – There are not any particular units being measured instead the employers look for many other factors. One way is through the number of units sold per transaction to keep up with the employees’ productivity. Another way is called upsaling where the employees try to sell the customers more items such as accessories to the toy they just purchased or insurance on their stereo system. Another way is through surveys such as at clothing stores customers are chosen randomly to rate the quality of the employees serving them during their visit in exchange for a small discount. From the employer’s perspective, the most productive employee is the one with the highest number of units per transaction sold and the likelihood of customers returning to the store. “bad jobs” and “good jobs” -- good jobs refer to jobs that have benefits, autonomy and change for mobility whereas bad jobs are the complete opposite. They have little or no work benefits, no autonomy, high turnover rate due to lack of security and no career path. Aesthetic labor -- entirely based on the looking good and sounding right. this type of labor also based on attractiveness. The right look is white, middle-class and fitting into gender’s stereotype. The look must match the brand such as Abercrombie and Fitch claiming that their employees are not workers but rather models so they have to be selectively in hiring. Employers hiring prospective workers on the sales floor. Workers
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2009 for the course SOC 359 taught by Professor Williams during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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exam2.08.review - Labor and Labor Movements (359) Fall 2008...

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