Phys151_PPL8

# Phys151_PPL8 - Not Picky about Work Forces can do"more than...

This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

Not Picky about Work! Forces can do “more” than affect motion. They can do work . Caveat: Definition of work in Physics is unusual. You lift up a suitcase, carry it at constant speed parallel to the ground for a distance and then lower it to the floor - you will have done no work! Hold up a barbell for 5 hours. Again, according to Physics you will have done absolutely no work . Lift up a suitcase, you will do positive work on it while simultaneously gravity does negative work.

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
Working for the Man Why do physicists choose to make life so difficult with this “queer” view of work? Reasons will be obvious later. For now, accept that there are loads of benefits. Work: its technical definition. For work to be non-zero, it requires two “elements” to be present : a force and motion (constant-velocity or accelerated, any kind) along the direction of that force, so that there is displacement . For the diagram above , F 1 does work but not F 2; magnitude of the work done is the product: Force x distance along direction of force Here W 1 = F 1 . d, while W 2 = 0. F 1 F 2 motion d
Working like a Dog Another way to decide if work is being done- set in rap lyrics: If you are not pushing/pulling or it’s not along the right direction moving, then you’re certainly not working . Sample calculation: I lift a 20- kg suitcase into the back of a truck that is 1 m above the road. How much work did I do during the process? Did I push or pull? Yes, I pulled with a force F just slightly larger than the weight (20 x 10 = 200 N). Was the suitcase moving? Yes, for it to rise from the street to the truck, it had to be moved. The height risen in the direction of F is 1 m.

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

### What students are saying

• As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern