311C_F06_chapter 4 - Ketones Aldehydes Carboxylic acid...

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Organic compounds Chapter 4 (pages 58 – 66)
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The bonding versatility of carbon (a) Methane (b) Ethane (c) Ethene (ethylene) Molecular Formula Structural Formula Ball-and-Stick Model Space-Filling Model H H H H H H H H H H H H H H C C C C C CH 4 C 2 H 6 C 2 H 4 Name and Comments
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Molecular Diversity Arising from Carbon Skeleton Variation H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C H H H H H H H (a) Length (b) Branching (c) Double bonds (d) Rings Ethane Propane Butane 2-methylpropane (commonly called isobutane) 1-Butene 2-Butene Cyclohexane Benzene H H H H H
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Hydrocarbons
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Types of isomers H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO 2 H CH 3 NH 2 C CO 2 H H CH 3 NH 2 X X X X C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C (b) Geometric isomers (c) Enantiomers H (pentane) L-isomer D-isomer a) Structural isomer: Length of C skeleton/location of double bond: cis trans Asymmetric carbon
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FUNCTIONAL GROUP (may be written HO ) HYDROXYL CARBONYL CARBOXYL OH C O O C OH Know figure 4.10 Alcohol
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Unformatted text preview: Ketones Aldehydes Carboxylic acid Functional groups Parts of molecules involved in chemical reactions (polar) Name of compound AMINO SULFHYDRYL PHOSPHATE (may be written HS ) N H H SH O P O OH OH Amines Thiols Organic phosphates ATP energy source Adenosine triphosphate ATP energy source Main concepts What are the different carbon skeleton variations? What are the different types of isomers? Know to identify isomers Know to identify functional groups Learn chemical structures and properties of the functional groups table in text Know the basic distinctions in structures of ATP, ADP, AMP...
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2009 for the course BIO 311C taught by Professor Satasivian during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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311C_F06_chapter 4 - Ketones Aldehydes Carboxylic acid...

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