chapter 5 - Gender and Aggression Chapter 5...

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Unformatted text preview: Gender and Aggression Chapter 5 Aggression/Violence Research Evidence : Sex of Perpetrator Boys are more likely than girls to be involved in violent behavior Two Meta-analyses of behavioral measures of aggression Men displayed more aggression than women Situational Factors: Provocation smaller sex differences- Men >women Emotional Arousal- Men>women Guilt or Anxiety Dangerous Situations Retaliation Limitations Research Evidence : Sex of Perpetrator No evidence that sex differences in aggression have changed over time Limitations of observations Aggressive behavior by a male viewed as more aggressive than when the same behavior is performed by a female Same aggressive behavior viewed as more aggressive when was committed against a female than a male Aggression/Violence Research Evidence : Sex of Victim Men are also more likely than women to be the victims of aggression Sex differences larger for physical rather than verbal aggression More boys bullied in 6th-10th grades Boys more likely to be aggressive to other boys, whereas girls are equally likely to be aggressive to boys and girls Girls physically aggressive towards boys Indirectly and verbally aggressive towards girls Aggression/Violence Crime Statistics Limitation of research studies: aggression involves strangers and unclear if there is an intent to harm Men are more likely to commit violent crimes and be victims of violent crimes Women 10x as likely to be killed by a man than by a woman and are 3x as likely to kill a man than a woman Women are more likely than men to be killed by someone they know Women are more likely to kill someone they know than kill a stranger; men are more likely to kill a stranger or acquaintance than someone they know Rape & Sexual Assault Definitions Rape Varies in specific behavior that discriminates between rape and other sexual acts Also varies in what constitutes an indicator of non- consent Sexual Assault & Sexual Coercion Also varied Sexual coercion has been defined as: Pressure or force to have sexual contact, pressure or force to have sexual relations, & engaging in sexual activities against ones wishes Definitions (cont) Rape, Abuse, & Incest National Network (RAINN) definitions : Rape forced sexual intercourse, including both psychological coercion and physical force- including vaginal, anal or oral penetration Penetrations maybe a body part or object Including both psychological coercion and physical force Sexual Assault includes a wide range of victimizations, distinct from rape or attempted rape Including completed or attempted attacks generally involving unwanted sexual contact between the victim and offender May or may not involve force and includes such things as grabbing or fondling Also includes verbal threats Characteristics of Perpetrator Two primary motives for rape:...
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chapter 5 - Gender and Aggression Chapter 5...

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