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Chapter%204%20handouts - Sex-Related Comparisons:...

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Sex-Related Comparisons: Observations Chapter 4
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SEX COMPARISONS: COGNITIVE ABILITIES
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Spatial Ability _____ outperform _____ on spatial perception tasks, mental rotation tasks, and spatial visualization tasks _____ are also consistently better at aiming at a target than _____ (Kimura, 1999) _____ perform higher than _____ in spatial location memory (Eals & Silverman, 1994)
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Mathematical Ability 2 Meta-analysis Results are different depending on age and specific skill Sex differences decreasing over time (Hyde et al, 1990) Where did stereotype come from?
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Verbal Ability Sex differences in verbal ability first to emerge in childhood Girls talk earlier, & develop larger Hyde & Linn (1988) – small effect in favor of girls Large difference - writing
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SEX COMPARISONS: SOCIAL DOMAINS
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Helping Behavior Males help more than females (Eagly & Crowley,1986) Moderating variables present: Situations of danger Sex of person needing help Public v Private Publication year Types of help Department store, Dependency norms, Social support Being helped reduces self-esteem Limitations Experiment vs. “real world”
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Chapter%204%20handouts - Sex-Related Comparisons:...

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