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Chapter%205%20handouts - Theories of Gender Development...

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Theories of Gender Development
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BIOLOGY: GENES Twin Studies (MZ vs. DZ) Genes explain ______ and environment explains ______ of gender differences Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome No differences in gender-related behavior or personality traits
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BIOLOGY: HORMONES Very little evidence prenatal exposure to sex hormones influences cognitive abilities Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)
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BIOLOGY: THE BRAIN Effect of brain damage Men: damage to right affected spatial abilities; damage to the left affected language abilities Women: No distinct effects Some evidence indicates men’s brains are more lateralized than women’s However, evidence not conclusive
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EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY Extension of Darwin’s theory of evolution We behave in ways to ensure survival of our genes Different behaviors may have evolved in men & women because it was adaptive for their survival Sexual Behavior Sexual Strategies Theory (Buss, 1995) Men and women face different obstacles during pregnancy Men and women face different challenges during sexual reproduction
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Chapter%205%20handouts - Theories of Gender Development...

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