Chapter%2012%20Handouts

Chapter%2012%20Handouts - Work Roles & Health Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: Work Roles & Health Chapter 12 Socialization of Vocational Expectations in Childhood TV: Women are often portrayed in romantic family roles, and when employed, are more likely to be employed in gender-typical occupations School: Recall that teachers & the educational system tend to steer males into math & science fields Females encouraged to pursue fields that either capitalize on their perceived strengths or careers that have been traditionally occupied by women Toys: Children also channeled into gender-typical occupations as a result of the toys that are marketed towards them Effects of Womens Employment on Womens Health Comparison of men and women who work to those who dont: Work role associated with health(psychological) for men & women However, effects are stronger for men Limitation: unemployed men being compared to housewives Comparison of women employed outside the home to housewives Employed women have better psychological and physical health than housewives Limitation: Often cross-sectional, perhaps healthier people just tend to work (selection effect) Effects of Womens Employment on Womens Health Longitudinal Studies selection effect Full-time employment had benefit on health Health of full-time employed men & women did not change over 1 year Health of part-time employed men & women and of housewives did decline over the year Health influenced employment Men and women with better health more likely to get a full-time job over the year Homemaker role- associated with poorer health over time Effects of Womens Employment on Womens Health Explanations Employment increases self-esteem, instills a sense of accomplishment, & provides more social contacts Also can increase perceptions of control feeling in control is associated with better health Employed women less distressed than housewives when had high job control, more distressed when had low job control. Perceptions of control also increase with womens relative income in the family Effects of Womens Employment on Womens Health Explanations Family demands Employed women with high family demands had more distress than men Women with low family demands had same distress levels as men Full-time employed women benefit the most if husband helps out at home or if they hire help Effects of Womens Employment on Mens Health & Marital Satisfaction Wife employment did not have a direct effect on husbands distress No significant differences in the distress levels of husbands whose wives worked versus those whose wives didnt work However, womens employment had an...
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2009 for the course PSYC 300 taught by Professor Cambron during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Chapter%2012%20Handouts - Work Roles & Health Chapter...

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