Chapter_8 - FRIENDSHIPS Chapter 8 Friendships in Childhood:...

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FRIENDSHIPS FRIENDSHIPS Chapter 8
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Friendships in Childhood: Activities Friendships in Childhood: Activities Boys Engage in more Rough and tumble play Use more motors skills play in larger groups spend more time outdoors Girls more likely to incorporate conversational component in their play Difference gets larger with age.
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Friendships in Childhood Friendships in Childhood Children show gender differences in interactions as early as 33 months Children interacted with those of the same sex more than the other sex in both positive and negative ways In other-sex dyads, girls tend to be passive and boys unresponsive Boys and girls acted similarly with same-sex partner
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Friendships in Childhood: Structure Friendships in Childhood: Structure Boys’ friendships: EXTENSIVE Larger network of friends Girls’ friendships: INTENSIVE Fewer number of friends. Bonds more intense Also more exclusive. More likely to have best friends.
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Friendships in Adolescence Friendships in Adolescence Need for intimacy increases in both males & females as they transition to puberty Need for intimacy leads to: Girls: Emotionally intimate friendships with small set of girls Girls talk more often than boys in friendships. Use talk as a way to develop intimacy. Tend to have more problems with friendships than boys also. Boys: Activity-based friendships with large set of boys Alone less often than girls. S o we see the same pattern in same-sex friendships
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Friendships in Adolescence Friendships in Adolescence Girls rate both same-sex and cross-sex friendships as more satisfying, intimate, & more helpful in solving problems than boys Behavior consistent across both their same- sex and cross-sex friendships. Boys rate cross-sex friendships as more intimate & more satisfying than same-sex friends Same-sex friendships still involve activites Cross-sex friendships involve more self disclosure of emotions and problems.
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Four Sex Differences in Friendships Four Sex Differences in Friendships Number 1 Communication central to females’ friendships (“face-to-face”) More likely to choose friends on the basis of shared attitudes More likely to talk about personal problems and celebrate personal accomplishments More likely to have reciperical same sex friendships Activities central to males’ friendships (“side- by-side”) More likely to choose friends on the basis of shared activities.
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Four Sex Differences in Friendships Four Sex Differences in Friendships Number 2 Talk between female friends tends to be expressive & disclosed Conversations in males’ friendships generally revolve around less personal topics such as sports, money, music, and politics.
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Chapter_8 - FRIENDSHIPS Chapter 8 Friendships in Childhood:...

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