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Exam%202%20Study%20Guide%20Fall08

Exam%202%20Study%20Guide%20Fall08 - Study Guide Exam 2*Keep...

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Study Guide – Exam 2 *Keep in mind that I like to ask a lot of which of the following is true or which of the following is  not true type of questions.  If studies contradict one another, I will not test on that – I want you  to get an understanding on what consensus is ‘out there’ on gender differences in various areas.  So for example, I will not ask you to know who compromises more when there is conflict since  two studies we talked about reported different results – however, I may ask you about other  findings on conflict. Chapter 7 – Communication Interaction Styles & Verbal Communication Boys’ & girls’ interaction styles in same-sex groups (what are these groups like?) Boys: large, hierarchical, rule-oriented More loud and boisterous Activity  more outdoor play\ Games have winners and losers » Rules – basis for arguments Conversations foser dominance Conflict is overt and can lead to physical aggression Girls: small, cooperative, intimate Quiet and conversational More structured activities More inside play Games involve intimacy, closeness, and turn taking Conflict in form of relational aggression Gender differences in verbal communication (who talks more, interrupts more, why and  when we interrupt, who listens, what speech styles men & women have – who’s more direct,  who uses tag questions, why talk about relationships, etc) Men  tend to dominate conversations o Men talk more than women Talk more frequently and for a longer duration o Select topic of talk
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o More task-oriented talk Interrupt more, interrupt to control conversation Gender differences & gender role differences in social support o Emotional Support Women provide more Often express sympathy and understanding o Advice No evidence that men provide more than women Although some evidence that men provide more advice to other men –  problem-solving focus. o Denial or dismissal of problems Men are more likely to deny or dismiss problems than women   Speech Styles:  =Women : Indirect, Elaborative & Affective Tentativeness Verbal Hedges I kind of feel you may be overwhelmed Qualifiers Im not the best judge of this, but…” Keep Talk Provisional, Tag questions that invite response » “That was a pretty good movie, wasn’t it?” » “We should get out this weekend, don’t you think?”   Women’s talk involves personal disclosures, details, anecdotes, & concrete  reasoning = Men : Direct, Succinct, & Instrumental Absolute, Assertive talk Language tends to forceful, direct, authoritative
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