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Psychology Notes Ch 16 Developmental Psychology

Psychology Notes Ch 16 Developmental Psychology - Ch 15...

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Ch 15 Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology —a vast amount of information about humans; development from zygote to death. the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children Prenatal Development: Ova -female eggs Zygote —fertilized egg Mitosis —cell multiplication Prenatal development is divided into three periods: 1. Germinal Stage —the period when the zygote is wandering throughout the uterus prior to implanting itself in the uterus wall. 2. Embryonic Stage —begins when implantation occurs and lasts up until about the 8 th week of development. a. During this stage many body organs begin to differentiate. b. Webbed toes—connected by skin tissue 3. Fetal Stage —begins at the third month and lasts until birth. All major organs are formed and sex of fetus can be determined visually. Cognitive Development: Jean Piaget —fascinated by how children’s ability to think and process information changed and improved as they matured. Two key concepts of Cognitive Development: 1. Assimilation —learning new ideas and information 2. A ccommodation —children are simply not adding new information to their knowledge base, but are having to modify their knowledge base so that the new knowledge can readily join previous slightly inaccurate knowledge Four cognitive stages: 1. Sensory Motor Stage (birth to age 1 and a half)—infants experience world through sucking and grasping. Much ability is reflex a.
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