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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 10 - The Baroque (1600-1700) T HE BAROQUE STYLE SHAPED BY: 1. The Catholic Church Counter-Reformation 2. The rise of absolute monarchs T HE BAROQUE: 1. Love for extravagant monumental beauty 2. Exceeded the splendor of the Renaissance 3. Love of ornamentation and the dramatic 4. The kings of I taly, Spain, and F rance , and sponsored enormous projects and colonial expeditions to demonstrate their supreme power. 5. Northern Europe was more modest, but that did not deter their baroque creativeness 6. This also was a time when modern science and modern government were born and left its mark on the western world. T HE BAROQUE I N I TALY : 1.) BERN I N I : (1580-1680) • Diverse projects such as: churches, fountains, piazzas combine architecture with sculpture. T HE T H I RD DAVID: (her favorite) 1. Dynamic and emotional 2. David is ready as Goliath approached to throw his stone 3. Typical of baroque sculpture and painting the twisting of David’s body. AGONY OF ST TERESA: 1. Again we see the twisting in St. Teresa and there is ever twisting in the columns. 2. Portrays the diving moment when St. Teresa receives the vision of the Holy Spirit . ST. PETER’S: 1. The first St. Peter’s was built under Constantine in 32BC under the Emperor Constantine (the Roman Emperor that made believing in Christianity legal). By Renaissance times it was a ruin 2. The rebuilding of St Peter’s took over 150 years, 22 architects and 12 Popes. As a result, it is not the most perfect building in the world. Everyone wanted it their own way. We have discussed Bernini’s touch, it is still one of the number of places Christians and art lovers travel to— Rome. 2.) CARAVAGGIO: (1573-1610) 1. Dramatic realism and the use of light and dark (used by other artists later- Rembrandt) 2. Notice the way the top of the picture is dark and this reinforces the light that streams to St. Matthew- that use is called ‘ Chiaroscuro’ . a. Light means presence of god b. Dark means absent of god. 3. He depicts real people of his own age so people can relate to them. This scene shows tax collector in a bar—home for Caravaggio (wild crazy, man, 37 dead, alcoholic) 4. Caravaggio was a bohemian —he had a brief turbulent life(film shows this) 3.) GENT I LESCH I (1593-1653) 1. Her artist father hired an artist to train his daughter, but he raped her at 19 years old. There was a t rial and he was convicted. 2. Gentileschi married another artist and was admitted into the Florence Academy of Design (unusual for a woman at that time) 3. Most of her painting involves Judith (who usually looks a lot like her) beheading the Assyrian Holofernes who has laid siege to her Jewish people. She carries the head back with her and the siege fails because they now have no leader....
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