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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 12: Revolution and Romanticism 1.) AMER ICA A. Summer of 1776 the American colonists felt their British rights were being violated by heavy taxation. (Plus they were becoming very prosperous). So, they declared their independence and began the revolution. (page 328) B. Their leader was George Washington and their Declaration of I ndependence applied the liberal doctrine of the social contract, popular sovereignty, and individual freedom. C. This established for the first time a system of checks and balances among the branches of government. D. As said in James Madisons Federalist Papers , If men were angels no government would be necessary. The constitution was brilliant, but slavery was not abolished. They said the slaves were needed economically. 2. FRANCE A. Frenchmen who fought with Americans came home to their country with radical ideas. B. King Louis XV I ruled and on July 4 th 1789 a Parisian mob stormed the Bastille , a prison that was the symbol of royal authority. In 1793 David painted the picture of the assassinated Ma rat , a Jacobin hero and writer for the revolutionaries. He was killed by a royalist (woman stabbed him in his bathtub. Was in bathtub certain amount of time each day due to his illness). David wanted to prove the pen is mightier than the sword. Between 1789 - 1795, France was in turmoil. In 1793, Louis XVI and the hated Ma rie Antoinette were guillotined, but after that there was what is called, The Reign of Ter ror- thousands of citizens were executed and the people looked for a military hero- Napoleon . C. NAPOLEON IC ERA (1799-1815) o 1. He Satisfied the middle-class by revising the legal system and modernizing the government. o 2. This erased absolute monarchs, aristocrats, and nobility. BUT he moved to conquer Europe. o 3. He crowned himself emperor in 1804 and proved to be as skillful as the Romans with propaganda. A. Patronized the arts and had an ambitious building program i. The Louvre an art museum to fill with all his plunder ii. The Arch of T riumph (pg 326) iii. Great Temples (pg326) iv. David the artist was First Painter v. Napoleon crossing the AlpsDavid *** pictures on next test we need to identify artists*** 3. BEET HOVEN AND ROMANCE (1770-1827) A. The suffering romantic genius 1.1....
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