Chapter 12 Book Notes - Ch. 12 Notes JEAN-PAUL MARAT was...

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Ch. 12 Notes JEAN-PAUL MARAT was stabbed in his bathtub while writing a pamphlet. JACQUES LOUIS DAVID , paints the pale body of Marat as the spirit of the revolution: a dedication to the principles of equality, reason, and representative government The Revolutionary Wave: AMERICA The colonists were mad at British king George III because of the heavy taxation Colonists Leader was GEORGE WASHINGTON Called for a republic not a monarchy Declaration of Independence applied the liberal doctrines of the social contract, popular sovereignty, and individual freedom. Struggled to implement organization of republican government—Came up with Constitution of 1787 Federalist writers defended the proposed constitutions balance between state authority and the rights of the individual. – checks and balances Federalist Papers did not mention slavery. FRANCE Frenchmen who fought with the Americans returned home fired up with new ideas. Helped ignite revolution in France. Louis XIV ruled and France’s ruling factions jockeyed for power July 14, 1789 a Parisian crowd assaulted the Bastille. When the warden surrendered, the crowd executed him. Bastille—a royal prison that had long been a symbol of royal authority and the medieval past. Declaration Of The Rights Of Man And The Citizen —endorsed the principles of liberal constitutional government. o Promised a society of merit, where success depended on talents and not on inherited rank. o Proclaimed the legal equality of all citizens and their right to basic freedoms. Also enshrined property as a inviolable right. Reign Of Terror —a small group of revolutionary leaders sent thousands of French citizens to the guillotine. NAPOLEONIC ERA After France beheaded it’s king, they enlisted NAPOLEON BONAPARTE to lead the nation He imposed dictatorial control over the nation. He satisfied his middle class supporters by revising France’s legal system and modernizing its government, erasing the vestiges of absolute monarch and aristocratic privilege. Crowned himself emperor in 1804 and embarking on a military campaign that devoured virtually all of Western Europe. The Lourve became a museum to hold the artistic plunder brought from Italy and Egypt Archs Of Triumph Created a temple call La Madeleine dedicated to the soldiers of his army. J.L. DAVID was called “ First Painter” by Napoleon—he painted “ Napoleon Crossing the Alps” BENOIST painted the black turbaned lady. CANOVA did the sculpture of PAULINE BONAPARTE and portrayed her as VENUS COLONIAL REVOLUTIONARIES: Haiti and the Dominican Republic— TOUSSAINT assumed the command of slave revolt and by 1801 his leadership secured the abolition of slavery in the island’s French and Spanish colonies. He imposed a constitution on the island that gave him near absoluter power. 1802 surrendered to Napoleon’s army only if they promised to not reimpose slavery. South America—
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2009 for the course HUM 2230 taught by Professor Jordan during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Chapter 12 Book Notes - Ch. 12 Notes JEAN-PAUL MARAT was...

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