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Chapter 15 The Contemporary Spirit1

Chapter 15 The Contemporary Spirit1 - Chapter 15 The...

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Chapter 15 – The Contemporary Spirit The Age of Anxiety 1) The Atomic bomb 2) The Cold War 3) Colonial Liberation Mahatma Gandhi (Great Souled) - nonviolent resistance - the opponent must be weaned from error by patience and sympathy. He wanted to wean India from British colonial imperialistic rule. His famous Salt March 1930 (Britain had a tax on all salt and Indians could not even get it when it was washed up by the sea) Thousands marched to the sea and Gandhi was thrown into prison with many others. Finally India became independent in 1948. Still, there was violence between Hindu’s and Muslims and as a result they split into India and Pakistan (there are still problems). Postwar America- Jazz revived with Be-Bop and spawned rock and roll and rhythm and blues Allen Ginsberg - the Beats explored rootlessness and the endless quest for meaning. (Read poem in book on page 416). Confessional poets - recorded intimate accounts of their personal life. Anne Sexton - employed graphic images of female sexuality and menstruation-committed suicide. (1928-1974) Sylvia Plath The Bell Jar accounts of her domineering father a fascination with suicide. She also committed suicide (head in oven) 1932-1963 Existentialism 1. Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980) A. Leader of the French resistance during WWII B. Wrote and produced his first play when France was occupied by the Nazis. C. Associated with French communist after the war because wanted to free French colonies D. Declined the Nobel Prize for literature in 1964 for political reasons. E. Leader of Parisian students who revolted in 1968. They acclaimed him their intellectual leader- Sartre was an existentialist man of action- his prescription was “the human individual should engage in the struggles of his own time.” F. Most famous work “No Exit” Three characters serve as each others tormenters in hell. The motto “Hell is other people” Her Hell is that she wants to put on lipstick but she doesn’t have a mirror. There is no exit out of hell. G. Associated with Simone Beauvoir who was the author of “The Second Sex” the text book for feminism. Along with Sartre, she wanted human freedom which women were robbed of as long as their value was defined by and against men. H. Sartre said men are defined by their own actions so must take responsibility for them.
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