{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Hinduism - HINDUISM Origins continued Greeks upon learning...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HINDUISM Origins, continued: Greeks, upon learning of them from the Iranians, called them indos rather than ‘indos from which we have the word ‘Indian’ Thus, Hinduism is the way of life, thinking, customs, rite, rituals, etc of the people of India. Sanskrit o 36 letters in this language Dravidians: Original inhabitants of India Mohanjo-Daro & Harappa o Grid-like patterns, brick houses, running water, sewage system Peaceful agricultural people Little known about religion, probably assimilated by Aryans o Fertility cults/phallus of Shiva in later times(Shiva was the creator) Dark-skin people, short in general Dark curly, hair. South Indians can pass for black. Plumpy cheekbones(best characteristic) Aryans: Came from Asia Minor(Turkey & Greece) Through Khyber Pass; conquered Indus Valley People of India today are product of Dravidians and Aryans. Blue eyed, blonde hair, tall, high bone raised on cheek? The Religion of the Aryans: Dyaus Pitr or Indra o God of Rain, parallel to Greek God Zeus Varuna o Keeps natural & physical order (rita-in Sanskrit) intact, parallel to the Roman God Ouranos Rudra & Marut o Winds and Storms, respectively * **Find out which Hindu goddess is the most popular*** Agni o Fire Soma o Drink, by which one can gain immortality(amarat) Gods are placed into three realms: 1. Celestial 2. Atmospheric 3. Terrestrial *Akash = ether * Hindu Scriptures: Vedas(written c. 1500 BCE) Upanishads(written c. 500 BCE) Epic Literature Mahabharata(Bhagavad Gita) & Ramayana(written c. 100 CE) The Vedas: Vedas means “Knowledge” There are four: 1. Rig-Veda
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2. Yajur-Veda 3. Sama-Veda 4. Atharva-Veda 1. Rig-Veda: a) ‘Rig’ means praise. Rig-Veda contains the praise of Gods(devas) b) 1028 in number c) Aryans placed themselves into three upper castes and Dravidians into lowest. o Based on Varna(meaning color, specifically skin color-color of skin) **how many gods are in ancient India** don’t know how many god they might have * 1,033,000 GODs* o In Rig Veda, Brahman says: I’ve created Brahmins from my mouth, Chaitras from my arms, Vaishyas from my thighs, and Shudras from my feet.” o Economic class division part of religion Caste in Rig Veda: 1. Brahmin : Priestly class ,religious authority 2. Chaitrya : Rulers & kings, defend country 3. Vaishya : tradesmen & farmers, serve people (means to do service) 4. Shudras: manual laborers; also include: (lowest class) a. Parayas (Untouchables) (do the dirty work) b. Chandlas (illegitimate children) 5. Marry in class or sub caste, when one dies they cremate. **Women can marry a person who is in a higher caste.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern