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Judaism - Judaism Who is a Jew Where is his identity...

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Judaism Who is a Jew? Where is his identity located? Jude : one who comes from Judea; an identity in terms of land and region. Israel : name given to Jacob ; means one who strives with God. It is religious identity. Hebrew : The people and the language they speak. o Most probably the word ‘ Hebrew ’ comes from the word ‘ Apiru’ from Phoenician language, meaning ‘the one who rides caravans’; nomadic people. Background in the development of Judaic Thought Preceding Judaism, we have the Near Eastern Religions which compromise the Sumarian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Egyptian religions. They seem to have influenced the development of Judaic thought historically. 1. The Near Eastern Religions: Polytheistic , but try to conceive of one highest God (i.e. Marduk in the Babylonian religion ) o Aspu ( sweet water ) o Ti’amat ( salty water ) o Mumy ( mist ) 2. They try to conceive of heaven and hell and idea of reward and punishment. 3. We find a parallel Myth of Flood to the Hebrew Bible story of Noah. But, it is Judaism which becomes monotheistic religion in history of mankind. Judaism becomes the foundation of prophetic religious tradition in West, thereby we have religions such as Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Islam Ziadusthia
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The Hebrew Bible Judaism is often associated with the land of Israel, but Judaism is better understood when one studies the Hebrew Bible. o History of Jewish people o Their thought o How they lived through the history Written down as early as 800 B.C.E . but final form achieved 400 B.C.E . Consists of: o Torah ( Teachings ) o Nevi’m ( Early and Later Prophets ) o Kethuwim ( Misc. Writings or Everything else ) These three writings are as a short from called T-N-K (or Tanakh or Tanaka ) The Torah is the first book of the Hebrew Bible. It is called Pentateuch ( five scrolls or books ) The second part of the T-N-K is Prophets who spoke in the name of Jewish people. o Early prophets who concentrate on the Israelite Kingdom o Later prophets who are visionary and they emphasize on morals and ethics.
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