World - World Religions Hinduism 14:55:00 Most ancient Living Religion Mostly confined to India Some in Sri Lanka Other countries Approx 800

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World Religions 14/01/2009 14:55:00 Hinduism Most ancient Living Religion Mostly confined to India Some in Sri Lanka Other countries Approx 800 million Hindus Probably 3 rd  largest religion What do you do to become Hindu? How do you become Hindu? One must be born as Hindu into a caste o Implications: in wider sense a culture and way of life as opposed to  religion in a narrower sense How can this be explained? There is no such word as ‘Hindu’ in the sacred books of Hinduism. Derived from word ‘Sindhu’ meaning Indus Valley. When Iranians (Persians) came to India, they called the native peoples to Hindu. Origins. . Greeks, upon learning of them from the Iranians, called them Indos rather than  ‘Indos from which we have the word ‘Indian’ Thus, Hinduism is the way of life, thinking, customs, rites, rituals, etc. of the people  of India. “Sanskirt” Dravidians Original inhabitants of India
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Mohanjo-Daro and Harappa Grid-like patterns, brickhouses, running water, sewage system. Peaceful agricultural people. Little known about religion, probably assimilated by Aryans Fertility cults/ phallus of Shiva in later times. Aryans Came from Asia Minor (Turkey and Greece) Through Khyber pass; conquered Indus Valley People of India today are product of Dravidians and Aryans. The Religion of the Aryans Dyaus Pitr or Indra God of Rain, parallel to Greek God Zeus  Varuna Keeps natural and physical order (rita) intact, parallel to the Roman God  Ouranos. Ruda and Marut Winds and Storms, respectively. Agni    . .prosperity, wealth, . .connections with other Gods  God of fire Fire Soma Drink, by which once can gain immortality (amarat)
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Gods are placed into three realms: 1. Celestial  ~sky/ heaven  2. Atmospheric ~Atmosphere  wind, storm, rain, Akash(sky)=ether 3. Terrestrial ~Live on Earth with Humans Hindu Scriptures Sacred Books 1. Vedas (written c. 1500 BCE) 2. Upanishads (written c. 500 BCE) 3. Epic Literature: Mahabharata (Bhagavad Gita) and Ramayana (written c.  100 CE) The Vedas Vedas means “knowledge” There are four: 1. Rig-Veda 2. Yajur-Veda 3. Sama-Veda 4. Atharva-Veda Rig-Veda A. ‘Rig’ means praise. Rig-Veda contains the praise of Gods (devas) *devas  means God. . they say devas not God B. 1028 in number C. Aryans placed themselves into three upper castes and Dravidians into  lowest o Based on Varna (caste)  (meaning color, specifically skin color)
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o *Veda- start/ beginning of Hinduism In Rig-Veda, Brahman says:
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2009 for the course REL 2300 taught by Professor Kassim during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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World - World Religions Hinduism 14:55:00 Most ancient Living Religion Mostly confined to India Some in Sri Lanka Other countries Approx 800

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