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Unformatted text preview: The Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange (also sometimes known as The Great Exchange) has been one of the most significant events in the history of world ecology , agriculture , and culture . The term is used to describe the enormous widespread exchange of plants, animals, foods, human populations (including slaves ), communicable diseases , and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres that occurred after 1492 . Many new and different goods were exchanged between the two hemispheres of the Earth, and it began a new revolution in the Americas and in Europe. In 1492, Christopher Columbus ' first voyage launched an era of large-scale contact between the Old and the New World that resulted in this ecological revolution: hence the name &quot;Columbian&quot; Exchange. The Columbian Exchange greatly affected almost every society on earth, bringing destructive diseases that depopulated many cultures, and also circulating a wide variety of new crops and livestock that, in the long term, increased rather than diminished the world human population. Maize and potatoes became very important crops in increased rather than diminished the world human population....
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2009 for the course AMH 2010 taught by Professor Adams during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.
- Spring '08