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Unformatted text preview: European America New Spain • Encomienda system • 1540s - spanish discovered huge silver deposits in mountains of Peru,Bolivia, and Mexico • set up 2 systems that transformed new spain • encomienda - system of slave labor and tribute • sometimes was a whole village of enslaved people • Cortes had many encomiendas in Technochtitlan • people provided tribute to encomienda holders • provided labor - domestic and extensive • encomienda holder promised protection to “slaves” • Spaniards liked to live off the work of others • at best - was a rigid labor system, at worst - was slavery • Tribute • Protection • Mission system • discovered a whole new world of heathens to convert to Christianity • introduced mission system as colonization became too large for encomienda system • Spain believed in doctrine of conversion • “Indians were heathens, but were human” • sent missionaries to “new spain” to do God’s work • religious orders • subjects had rights to education, conversion • Indians were to become spanish - replaced traditional religions with roman catholicism • systems shook culture of Americas - can be seen today • spain - organized around catholic nation (christianity) • as long as people converted, they would be recognized as people • Proselytizing • process of conversion in mission system - evangelism...
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- Spring '08
- Americas, New Spain, cash crop farming