Roots S09 Ch 4 Exercises

Roots S09 Ch 4 Exercises - NAME A. What English adjectives...

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Unformatted text preview: NAME A. What English adjectives are derived from the following Latin nouns? What is the current meaning of each adjective? Use the endings in section I of this chapter. If necessary, consult an unabridged English dictionary. Latin noun English meaning English adjective Current usage Examples vulgus,vulgi > vulgaris puer, pueri > puerilis . annus, anni divus, divi . tempus, temporis . mundus, mundi . populus, populi . corpus, corporis 7. miles, militis 8. fabula, fabulae 9. luna, lunae l0. turba, turbae l I. lex, legis I2. nomen, nominis l3. ops, opis I4. verbum, verbi l5. Stella, stellae crowd boy year god time world people body soldier story moon crowd law name wealth, power word star vulgar crude, unrefined uerile immature childish PL— _._.— 54 Chapter 4 B. Which English nouns are derived from the following Latin adjectives? What is the current meaning of each noun? Use the endings in section II. If necessary, consult an unabridged English dictionary. Latin adjective English meaning English noun Current usage Examples avarum. avari 3‘ avarltia greedy mrice grgfl fortis,fortis b fortitude brave. strong f rtjt_u_d_e ml‘jil—Sjlfflgth. hflory I6. clarum. clari clear _ l7. malum. mall bad _ __ l8. brevis.brevi short ____ _ __.__.__ _ I9. novum. novi new _ 20. acer. acris sharp _ _ , 2|. magnum. magni large _ ,_ _ _ _ 22. varium. varii different _ 23. memor, memoris mindful __ _ _ _ 24. sanctum. sancti holy _ . . . _ heavy _,_d _ _ ___ _____ ____ _ 25. gravis. gravis C. Sometimes, we can turn a noun into an adjective, and then turn that adjective into a noun, and sometimes we can turn an adjective into a noun, and then turn that noun into an adjective. Using the adjectives you found in section A of the ex- ercises and the nouns you found in section B, see how many of the adjectives you can turn into nouns, and how many of the nouns you can turn into adjectives. Which words can be both a noun and an adjective? le (1'! a Latin into English 55 the Examples Isult lex, Iegis (law) > legal (adjective) > legality (noun) acer, acris (sharp) > acrimony (noun) > acrimonious (adjective) m ________ ______.. ’— D. The following words have been made up, but they have been given Latin adjectival #— or noun endings. Identify each as either a noun or an adjective, and give the . meaning of the suffix. __ Noun or adjective? Meaning of sufiix 26. spragid 27. fulmatorium 28. granatary — 29. crellacious —— 30. dractator \ : 3 l. stracticial active 32. grenulent ‘ turn 33. Iorbimony he ex. 34. traminiety as you 35. spranabile dives 36. fromen 37. muvacture 38. revulist 39. quacticule 40. scrimitude Chapter 4 E. What English nouns and adjectives are derived from the present stems of the fol- lowing Latin verbs? What is the current usage of each noun or adjective? Use the endings in section IV, part A. If necessary, consult an unabridged English dictionary. English English noun Current Latin verb meaning Present stem or adjective usage Examples vivo-vivere-victum live vie: v_ intense, full of life valeo-valéreé be strong Llé; alor boldness, courage 4 I. curro-currere-cursum run 42. experior—experiri-expertum try 43. recipio-recipere-receptum take back 44. miror—mirari-miratum wonder at 45. stupeo-stupére be stunned 46. oppono-opponere-oppositum put against 47. rapio—rapere-raptum seize 48. ardeo-ardére burn 49. alo-alere-altum nourish 50. sedeo-sedére-sessum sit 5 I. falIo-fallere-falsum deceive 52. clamo-clamare-clamatum shout 53. solvo—solvere-solutum loosen 54. patior-pati-passum suffer 55. ferveo-fervére boil 6. Some Verbs do not have a perfect passive system. Latin into English 57 F. Which English nouns and adjectives are derived from the perfect stems of the fol- lowing Latin verbs? What is the current usage of each noun or adjective? Use the endings in section IV, part B. If necessary, consult an unabridged English dictionary. English English noun Current Latin verb meaning Perfect stem or adjective usage Examples tolero-tolerare- bear, endure tolerat- toleration endurance toleratum jungo-jungere-junctum join junct— iuncture act of joining 56. moveo-movére-motum move 57. nascor—nasci-natum be born 58. Iego-legere-lectum 59. curro-currere-cursum 60. morior—mori-mortuum 6 l. sedeo-sedére-sessum 62. rapio-rapere—raptum 63. voco-vocare-vocatum 64. fallo-fallere-falsum 65. patior—pati-passum 66. sentio-sentire-sensum 67. solvo-solvere-solutum 68. vaco-vacare-vacatum 69. muto-mutare-mutatum 70. frango-frangere-fractum read, choose run die sit seize call deceive suffer, bear feel loosen be empty change break Chapter 4 G. Fill in the blank with the literal meaning7 of the italicized word or part of word. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct. 7|. His ardent desire to succeed brightly throughout his life. 72. All his arguments were fallacious, but everyone was by them. 73. His sanctimonious words revealed that he thought he was than everyone else. 74. They tried t9 revivify the patient, but it became clear that he was no longer 75. The mutability of our circumstances shows that our lives are subject to 76. It is said that“brevity is the soul of wit,” but some speakers never learn to keep their comments 77. He had such a vacuous look on his face that l was sure his brain was of intelligence. 78. If you have a sedentary job, you will spend a lot of time their demands. 79. The clamor in the street grew as the crowd down the page. 80. She gave the document a cursory glance as her eye 8|. I asked him to verbalize his thoughts, but he couldn't find the 82. The Maritime Provinces of Canada are situated by the 83. ln Roman gladiatorial combat, the chief weapon of the fighters was the everything in the refrigerator. 84. His voracious appetite drove him to 85. l was told he had a mortal illness, but I hoped he would not 86. Identify the functions of the italicized words (nouns, adjectives. verbs?) in the following sen- tencezThe spragid glomularity of the stractibulous bananitude oblifected me. 7. In this, and in all following exercises, a blank repr of the word. In t meaning oftlie Greek or Latin root. esents the literal definition ofthe italicized word or part he context of these exercises, the literal meaning of word or part of a word is the original 87 85 89 9C 9| 3n- OUS part gmal “591...”, “Mir...” w A m 87. 88. 89. 90. 9|. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. Latin into English 59 . Fill in the blank with a word of the opposite meaning chosen from the list below. Check your dictionary if you are not sure of the meaning. scarce silent freedom concrete rebellious eaceful oor secretive se aration other-worldl P P Y juncture copious mundane turbulent vocal docile intangible opulent candid servitude ...
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Roots S09 Ch 4 Exercises - NAME A. What English adjectives...

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