Test 43 - B -4- Time-35 minutes 25 Questions Directions:...

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Time—35 minutes 25 Questions Directions: The questions in this section are based on the reasoning contained in brief statements or passages. For some questions, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. However, you are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answers the question. You should not make assumptions that are by commonsense standards implausible, superfluous, or incompatible with the passage. After you have chosen the best answer, blacken the corresponding space on your answer sheet. 1. Pettengill: Bebop jazz musicians showed their distaste for jazz classics by taking great liberties with them, as though the songs could be made interesting only through radical reshaping. Romney: Only compelling, versatile songs can stand such radical reshaping. Bebop musicians recognized this, and their revolutionary approach to the jazz classics enabled them to discover previously unknown depths in the music. Pettengill and Romney disagree over whether (A) bebop jazz was radically different from the jazz music that preceded it (B) bebop jazz was an improvement on the jazz classics that preceded it (C) bebop musicians showed appreciation for jazz classics in radically reshaping them (D) jazz music requires musicians to adhere closely to the original version in order to be widely popular (E) bebop musicians were influenced by the more conservative styles of their predecessors 2. Essayist: Earth is a living organism, composed of other organisms much as animals are composed of cells, not merely a thing upon which creatures live. This hypothesis is supported by the fact that, like all organisms, Earth can be said to have a metabolism and to regulate its temperature, humidity, and other characteristics, divorced from the influences of its surroundings. Of course, Earth does not literally breathe, but neither do insects (they have no lungs), though they respire successfully. The assertion that insects do not literally breathe plays which one of the following roles in the essayist’s argument? (A) a reason for not rejecting Earth’s status as an organism on the basis of its not breathing (B) a reason for rejecting as false the belief that Earth is a living organism (C) an illustration of the general claim that to be an organism, a creature must have a metabolism (D) an example of a type of organism whose status, like Earth’s, is unclear (E) an illustration of a type of organism out of which Earth is composed 3. Cognitive psychologist: In a recent survey, citizens of Country F were asked to state which one of the following two scenarios they would prefer: (1) Country F is the world economic leader, with a gross national product (GNP) of $100 billion, and Country G is second, with a GNP of $90 billion; or (2) Country G is the economic leader, with a GNP of $120 billion, and Country F is second, with a GNP of $110 billion.
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2009 for the course POLSC 110 taught by Professor Adler during the Spring '06 term at CUNY Hunter.

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Test 43 - B -4- Time-35 minutes 25 Questions Directions:...

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