lec2 - HANDOUT FOR LECTURE ON THE KINGDOMS OF ISRAEL AND...

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HANDOUT FOR LECTURE ON THE KINGDOMS OF ISRAEL AND JUDAH Ca. 1200 B.C.E.: Israelite tribes enter Canaan with Joshua. Ca. 1030: Israelite tribes united under rule of King Saul. Saul killed in battle with Philistines, succeeded by David (ca. 1000). David ruled for 40 years, died ca. 970, and was succeeded by Solomon. Kingdom of David and Solomon = United Kingdom. Solomon built the First Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Solomon died ca. 930. United Kingdom split. Israel - ruled by Jeroboam. Judah - ruled by Rehoboam. Both kingdoms were invaded by the Egyptian pharaoh Shishaq. Capitals of Israel: Shechem, Penuel, Tirzah (Tell el-Farah north), Samaria. Important kings of Israel: Omri (ca. 883-872), established an important dynasty (the Omrides), and founded the capital city of Samaria. Omri married his son Ahab to Jezebel, the daughter of King Itobaal (Ethbaal) of Tyre. Ahab succeeded Omri as king and ruled for 22 years in Samaria (872-851). By the time of Ahab: rise of Assyria, under kings Assumasirpal II (884-859) and Shalmaneser III (859-824). After the death of Ahab: a revolt and bloody purge led by Jehu, an officer in the Israelite army. Jehu executed the members of the Omride dynasty, and Israel began to lose territories east of the Jordan to King Hazael of Damascus. The ascendancy of Damascus
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lec2 - HANDOUT FOR LECTURE ON THE KINGDOMS OF ISRAEL AND...

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