Lec10 - HANDOUT FOR LECTURES 10-12 THE BEGINNING OF SELEUCID RULE IN PALESTINE AND THE MACCABEAN REVOLT ntiochus III took at lenient position

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HANDOUT FOR LECTURES 10-12: THE BEGINNING OF SELEUCID RULE IN PALESTINE AND THE MACCABEAN REVOLT Ántiochus III took at lenient position towards the Jews. He renamed the conquered Ptolemaic province of Syria and Phoenicia "Coele-Syria and Phoenicia," frequently abbreviated to "Coele-Syria" (Coele means "hollow" in Greek). The province was now called a "strategy" instead of a "satrapy," and was administered by a governor called a "strategos." The strategies were subdivided into districts called "merides." The districts were further subdivided in to units calls "toparchiae" or "nomoi." Political units in the Seleucid empire included military colonies like Ammon and Samaria; Hellenized cities (poleis) like Beth-Shean (Scythopolis) and Amman (Philadelphia); and the semiautonomous Phoenician cities on the coast (like Dor and Akko-Ptolemais). The Seleucid kings classified the self-administered units within their realm as a polis (Greek city), dynasteia (a city or territory governed by a local prince), or an ethnos (a tribal nation in possession of its own territory). The Jews of Judea were
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2009 for the course RELI 106 taught by Professor Magness during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Lec10 - HANDOUT FOR LECTURES 10-12 THE BEGINNING OF SELEUCID RULE IN PALESTINE AND THE MACCABEAN REVOLT ntiochus III took at lenient position

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