lec12 - apocalyptic literature include pseudonymity...

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HANDOUT FOR LECTURE 12:1-2 MACCABEES, DANIEL, 1 ENOCH, AND JUDITH 1 Maccabees was written in Hebrew shortly before 100 B.C.E. It focuses on the story of Mattathias's family down to John Hyrcanus. 2 Maccabees tells the story of Jewish history from the time of the Seleucid king Seleucus IV (185-175) and the high priest Onias III to the defeat of the Seleucid general Nicanor by Judah Maccabee in 161. It is prefaced by two chapters that contain letters addressed to the Jews of Egypt. The author of 2 Maccabees probably came from Alexandria in Egypt. He calls his work, which was written in Greek, a summary of a 5-volume work by Jason of Cyrene. The word apocalyptic is connected with the Greek word apocalypsis, which means "unveil." Apocalyptic writings include Daniel, 1 Enoch, Jubilees, IV Ezra, and (in the New Testament), the Revelation of John. The most prominent characteristics of
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Unformatted text preview: apocalyptic literature include pseudonymity, numerical symbolism, secret language, a doctrine of angels, references to the coming time of salvation, and the division of history into periods. Daniel: written ca. 167-164 B.C.E. 1 Enoch: composed before 200 B.C.E., made up of 5 booklets, each composed at a different time and all of which present themselves as revelations made to Enoch, the seventh forefather from Adam. The oldest parts are chapters 1-36 (the Book of the Watchers) and 72-82 (the Astronomical Book of Enoch). The Book of Judith: a story of how an extraordinarily pious woman uses her intelligence and feminine charms to save her city and people from destruction. Characters include Nebuchadnezzar, his commander Holofernes, and the town of Bethulia....
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