Anthropology Lecture 3

Anthropology Lecture 3 - Anthropology Lecture 3 07/04/2008...

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Anthropology Lecture 3 07/04/2008 16:09:00 Homo erectus Human being-ish, fits definition, bigger brain 1.8mya-250,000mya east Africa, then Europe and all the way to east asia first hominid to leave Africa (Dmanisi, Soviet Georgia), first to use fire, first to  make shelters and clothes, first to be big game hunters sites o zhougoudian (formerly Chou kou tien), china, 400,000ya peking man, skull cap- max diameter is below ear level, cranial  vault not big, humans its at the ear sagittal keel brow ridge- comes from not having forehead skulls long and low homo erectus/ergaster cranial capacity about 900cm^3 cranium dolichocephalic (long and flat) brow ridges sagittal keel (not crest) sites: Africa-olduvai, bodo, broken hill, Europe-dmanisi (first site outside Africa  1.7m ya), swanscombe, steinheim, montmaurin, Asia- Java (trinil), China (zhoukoudian) “nariokotome boy” discovered: Kenya, 1984 by Alan Walker, Kamoya Kimeu, and the Leakeys
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1.6 mya almost completely intact 5’something at age 13 dmanisi, republic of Georgia homo ergaster 1.7mya first human being out of Africa david Lordkipanidze technology begins to define who we are, migration aechulean tool industry hand axe, cleaver homo antecessor spain may be homo erectus increasing encephalization in hominidae primate brains less surface area, fewer neurons, no wrinkles why are human brains so large language, language language language center 
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broca’s area-speech production area of the brain  wernicke’s area- damages intake of language through ear- cannot  understand people talk if this are is damaged handedness is connected to speech chimps- don’t have language the triune brain reptilian/r complex is most primal, does breathing, etc midbrain/limbic system- controls aspects of us like hunger, fear, aggression,  sex etc cortex- higher cognitive function, have more and better than other animals bigger brains don’t equal better brains- all about organization Neanderthals- Europe, many in Iraq Homo neandertalensis or perhaps h. sapiens neandertalensis 300,000 ya to 35,000 ya mainly Europe and near east sites: La Ferrassie, La Chapelle aux Saints (france), spy (Belgium), jebara  (Israel), shanidar (iraq), neander (germany) skull is long and a little low kebara cave, israel found in rock wall qafzeh, skual, Israel tools are the same between these sites shanidar cave, northern iraq very famous, site of funeral, flowers, red dye, etc vindina cave, croatia  
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Anthropology Lecture 3 - Anthropology Lecture 3 07/04/2008...

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