101 student The Basics

101 student The Basics - Page 1 of 2 The Basics Sociology...

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Page 1 of 2 The Basics Sociology – The study of what individuals and groups do, in relation to each other. Macro sociology – Photographers who shoot their photos using a wide angle lens. They would rather fit a lot of people into each frame than get detailed images of just a few of them. Micro sociology – Photographers who use a zoom lens. They focus on only a few people at a time so they can capture a lot of detail about each person. Interactionist perspective – The best way to understand what is going on in society is, to start at the ground level and work up. The unit of analysis is the situation- in particular, any of the routine social situations that make up daily life in society. Interactionists analyze the verbal and nonverbal communication between persons who come across one another in everyday situations. They seek to understand the social structure that underlies the communications and makes it seem routine. Because its unit of analysis is the situation rather than the whole social system, the interactionist perspective is a micro-sociological perspective. Functionalist perspective – Compares society to the human body. Sociologists call this the organic analogy. Functionalists study the parts of society together, as an entire system. If they were to examine any of the parts separately, it would only be to understand how that part contributes to the overall system. Because
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This note was uploaded on 09/03/2009 for the course SOC SOC 101 taught by Professor Whittacker during the Spring '09 term at ASU.

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101 student The Basics - Page 1 of 2 The Basics Sociology...

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