Lec-36-Chap-12-1 - Questions to Answer: 1. How can we...

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Lecture 36 1 Lecture 36 - Organic Molecules Chapter 12, pp. 563-576 Lecture 36 2 Questions to Answer: 1. How can we understand molecules? Lecture 36 3 Organic Molecules Molecules that can be derived from hydrocarbons - compounds of carbon and hydrogen. One estimate: 5 × 10 20 different compounds How can we understand so many molecules? Functional Groups : Distinctive groupings of atoms that impart specific properties to the molecule Halides Ethers Alcohols Esters Aldehydes Acid halides Ketones Amines Carboxylic acids R indicates a hydrocarbon Lecture 36 4 R C O O H R O H R 1 C O O R 2 R 1 C O Cl R N H H R 1 C O N R 2 H R CN Acid Alcohol Ester Acid Chloride Amine Amide Nitrile Summary of Organic Functional Groups
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Lecture 36 5 Hydrocarbons Alkanes – chains of carbons bonded to one another by single bonds (C n H 2n+2 ). Branched chain alkanes; isomers; alkyl groups; cycloalkane. Alkenes – concept of saturated and unsaturated bonds; ethylene; polyenes.
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Lec-36-Chap-12-1 - Questions to Answer: 1. How can we...

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