HLS 2301, Introduction to Terrorism 1 Course Learning Outcomes for Unit IIIUpon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 1. Evaluate historical trends of domestic terrorism in the United States of America.3. Examine the trends in weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) in domestic and international terrorism. Reading Assignment Chapter 13: Emergency Management Unit Lesson This unit will discuss the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and the different types of attacks that can take place with various agents, to include past terrorist events that have occurred on U.S. soil and abroad. The acronym CBRNE became the standard to describe specific types of weapons of mass destruction attacks:chemical,biological,radiological,nuclear, andexplosive.1995 Oklahoma City, OK, Alfred Murrah Federal Building BombingThe 1995 Oklahoma City, OK, bombing of the Alfred Murrah Federal Building was one of the first notable types of CBRNE attacks to occur on United States soil. On April 19, 1995, a truck-bomb, packed with fertilizer and other materials was parked outside the Alfred Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, exploded. This domestic terrorist attack left 168 people dead and hundreds more injured. The explosion was set off by anti-government militant Timothy McVeigh. He was executed in 2001 for his crimes. He expressed interest in wanting to be executed as soon as possible after being convicted for his crimes. The other individual involved in the crimes, Terry Nichols (his co-conspirator), received life in prison without the possibility of parole. Until September 11, 2001, the Oklahoma City bombing was the worst terrorist attack to take place on United States soil.Presidential Decision Directive 39 (PPD-39), United States Policy on Counter-terrorismAs a result of the Alfred Murrah Federal Building bombing, on June 21, 1995, President Bill Clinton issued Presidential Decision Directive 39 (PPD-39), United States Policy on Counterterrorism. This document and directive outlined the domestic policies and procedures on how to revise initiatives and assigned tasks and duties to specific agencies. It also revised the security clearances that essential personnel in each of these agencies would have in order to deal with CBRNE and WMD terrorist incidents.Presidential Decision Directive 39 (PPD-39), United States Policy on Counter-terrorism (1995) states thefollowing:UNIT III STUDY GUIDE WMD Global Views and Trends
HLS 2301, Introduction to Terrorism 2 UNIT x STUDY GUIDE Title It is the policy of the United States to deter, defeat and respond vigorously to all terrorist attacks on our territory and against our citizens, or facilities, whether they occur domestically, in international waters or airspace or on foreign territory. The United States regards all such terrorism as a potential threat to national security as well as a criminal act and will apply all appropriate means to combat it.