Study Guide HLS 2301 Unit V.pdf - UNIT V STUDY GUIDE The Impact of Global Lone Wolf Terrorism Course Learning Outcomes for Unit V Upon completion of

Study Guide HLS 2301 Unit V.pdf - UNIT V STUDY GUIDE The...

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HLS 2301, Introduction to Terrorism 1 Course Learning Outcomes for Unit V Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 1. Evaluate historical trends of domestic terrorism in the United States of America. 1.1 Summarize literature covering historical acts of terrorism in the United States. 5. A nalyze the rise of “lone wolf” terrorism in domestic and international terrorism. Reading Assignment Chapter 15: Terrorism, Intelligence and Homeland Security: The Future, pp. 362-370 Unit Lesson This unit will discuss the rise of homegrown terrorism in the domestic United States and abroad, utilizing lone wolf tactics and techniques. It will also outline the efforts that the global community is using to counter these threats. Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism Lone wolf terrorism is a growing phenomenon, and research on the topic is severely limited. The term lone wolf or lone wolf terrorist is a newer type of terminology utilized to describe an individual who commits violent terrorist acts in support of a specific group, religious movement, or other ideology. However, the act is usually committed “alone,” without the leadership and guidance of an outside entity being involved. Many researchers will agree that some recent events, although classified as lone wolf attacks, were done under the direction of a higher entity. Participants are typically motivated by an ideology or through the belief of a higher group. As with the term terrorism, a universal meaning and description does not exist amongst law enforcement. The FBI and other local and state agencies have their own interpretation and definition for the term. Further, since many of these entities act alone, it is extremely difficult to establish counterterrorism strategies or to gather intelligence on their movements. Trends in Lone Wolf Terrorism International researcher, Sarah Teich, with the International Institute for Counter Terrorism, wrote a research report titled Trends and developments in lone wolf terrorism in the western world : An analysis of terrorist attacks and attempted attacks by Islamic extremists (2013). The report provides a literature review and analysis of trends and developments covering lone wolf terrorism. Teich's (2013) analysis of the dataset shows five trends: 1. increased number of countries targeted by lone wolf terrorists; 2. increased number of fatalities and injuries caused by lone wolves; 3. increased success rate of United States law enforcement to apprehend lone wolves before they can carry out their attacks; 4. high prevalence and success rate of loners over Pantucci’s other three types of lone wolf terrorists; and 5. increased targeting of military personnel. (p. 1) Raffaello Pantucci’s Theory on Lone Wolf Terrorism
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