Cognitive Processes - Cognitive Processes and Personality...

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Unformatted text preview: Cognitive Processes and Personality August 4, 2009 Agenda Gardners multiple intelligences theory Perception Thought Expectancies Goals and strategies Emotion Instructional Objectives By the end of this lesson, students will be able to: Define the eight intelligences comprising Gardners theory Define priming and chronic accessibility, and discuss how chronically accessible concepts can influence personality traits Define rational and experiential systems of thought, and discuss the ways these two types of thinking can affect decision making Describe, in general terms, the role of expectancies in influencing behavior Articulate the differences between judgment goals and development goals, and provide examples of the two types Provide an overview of optimistic and pessimistic explanatory styles, and of styles of attributions of bad events Discuss common individual differences in emotional experience, including the effects on happiness Cognitive processes: What are they? Cognition : general term referring to thought and awareness Cognitive processes refer to mental acts such as perceiving, attending to, interpreting, remembering, believing, and anticipating Gardners multiple intelligences theory Intelligence : the ability to solve problems or create products that are valued within one or more cultural settings He identified eight different intelligences Gardners multiple intelligences Linguistic-ability to use language; writers, speakers Logical-mathematical- to investigate issues systematically and mathematically Musical- singers, musicians Bodily-kinesthetic- use body to solve problems; athletes and performers Spatial-potential to recognize and use space; architects and graphic artist Interpersonal- to understand motivations and desires of other people; sales people Intrapersonal- compactly to understand ourselves Naturalistic- be interested in other species and the environment Cultural differences in attention...
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Cognitive Processes - Cognitive Processes and Personality...

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