Behaviorism_and_Social_Learning_Theory_Sarah_POST-1

Behaviorism_and_Social_Learning_Theory_Sarah_POST-1 -...

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Learning-based  Approaches  to  Conceptualizing  Personality A guest lecture presented by Sarah Burger
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Foundational Premise: “Within the broad boundaries set by human genes, what people become is influenced importantly by learning …” (Mischel, Shoda, & Smith, 2004, p. 220)
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Instructional Objectives  (directly from your instructor) By the end of this lesson, students should be able to: Define the four types of learning, and provide an example(s) of each Define reinforcers and punishers and the behaviorist uses of “positive” and “negative” Provide examples of positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment, and negative punishment Define continuous, fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval, and variable interval schedules of reinforcement, and identify which of these is most resistant to extinction (stopping the behavior) Discuss the criteria important in evaluating the effectiveness of a given punishment Define Rotter’s notions of expectancy (specific and general) and locus of control (internal and external) Define Bandura’s idea of self-efficacy
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Learning Basic definition? 4 types: Habituation Classical (or respondent ) conditioning Operant conditioning Social learning The basic plan for today is to go through each of these in turn… (the topic of the day)
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Habituation What is it? Getting use to what is happening so you forget it is even going on Can anyone give me a unique example?
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Classical (or  respondent ) conditioning It started with Ivan Pavlov: He was studying digestion… …but fate (if you want to call it that) had something else in mind! So what happened? Lets just say Pavlov made some ingenious observations with respect to the behavior of his “participants”…
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What did he observe?. .. When his dogs salivated!. .. Dogs salivated when they saw food (even if they didn’t get to eat it) Dogs salivated when they saw a bowl that often contained food (even when it didn’t) Dogs salivated when they heard the footsteps of the lab personnel who usually fed them My dog salivates when he sees my husband holding a popsicle…
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Thus Classical Conditioning Was Birthed…
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.. Lets find out!
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2009 for the course PSYC 352 taught by Professor Mehl during the Summer '09 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Behaviorism_and_Social_Learning_Theory_Sarah_POST-1 -...

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