personalitynotes - Personality FREUD Psychodynamic theory...

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Personality 15/07/2009 11:59:00 May 18, 2008 FREUD Psychodynamic theory Cornerstones: sex and aggression Spread by dedicated group Brilliant language (Goethe Prize in Literature) Early Interests Darwin and Helmholtz o Life is being determined by outside forces – Darwin Hysteria o Believed it was psychogenic and linked to sex Catharsis o Talking out your problems Freud invented free association Level of mental life Conscious o Mental life that is directly available, plays a minor role
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Preconscious (subconscious) o Not in conscious awareness, but can be o Comes both from conscious and unconscious Unconscious o Beyond awareness Includes drives, urges, or instincts Is known only indirectly o Two sources of unconscious processes Repression Phylogenetic endowment Three provinces of the mind Id  o Pleasure principle o No contact with reality No morality o “Feed me”, “notice me”, “do me!" Do me!” Ego o The reality principle Only one in contact with reality o Decision-maker
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o What you think of as “you” o Tries to reconcile unreasonable demands of id and superego with  reality o Develops when infant can distinguish self from outer world Superego  o Idealist principle o Conscience Comes from punishment What you should not do o Ego-ideal From reward  What you should do o Develops by “identification” Internalizing same-sex parents’ values Dynamics of personality Drives o Eros-drive for sex (life) o Thanatos-drive for aggression (death) Libido = sex drive o All pleasurable behavior is somehow related to sex o All destructive activities (e.g. gossip) relate to death
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Anxiety 1. Neurotic 2. Moral 3. Realistic Need defense mechanisms to cope with anxiety o Purify impulses before they become conscious Defense mechanisms – all involve repression Denial Displacement Regression-backwards Projection-taking self flaws and throwing them onto someone else Introjection-pretending Reaction formation-saying horrible things about something you do that you  are ashamed of Sublimation  Five stages of development Known as psychosexual stages Invariant and universal Everything, even for infants, is about doin’ it aka boning
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Each stage has both a conflict and a resolution o Poor resolution leads to associated development problems Oral stage Birth to age 2, gratification centered on the mouth Starts out oral-receptive, leads to oral-aggressive due to weaning Failure to resolve leads to oral fixation and become very dependent on others Anal Stage Focus of sexual pleasure is toilet training
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personalitynotes - Personality FREUD Psychodynamic theory...

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