Transportation - Energy, Society, and the Environment Unit...

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Energy, Society, and the Environment Unit 9 TRANSPORTATION and ENERGY
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Outline Vehicle-Fuel link is strong The Demands for Transportation are strong and increasing Petroleum use has many problems: Dictatorships, sovereignty, pollution, greenhouse gases But the fossil fuel supplies are large for the time being Policy and technology needed
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World Oil Use 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 million barrels per day Transportation All Other Source: World Oil Worksheet (WOW) Model, USDOE/OTT
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Liquid Fuels
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Transportation Sector Key to Energy Use Transportation accounts for ~1/3 of energy use When electricity generation factored out, transportation dominates Demand projected to increase 97% of transportation energy from petroleum Relatively small number of technologies employed Transportation sector energy use can impact national security and environmental impacts 0 10 20 30 40 50 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Percentage Year Commercial Residential Industrial Transportation b)
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Performance actually declining U.S. Light Duty Vehicles 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Model Year MPG HP Weight 0-60 Source: EPA (2006)
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CAFE: corporate average fuel economy
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Source: Brandt and Farrell (2006)
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Getting the oil out … to the last drop Confining Strata Heavy Oil Tar Sands Shale Oil Coal Heat Wave Light Oil In-Situ Refining Refinery Thermal Cracker Light Oil Heavy Oil Heater Petrocoke Heater Well Production Well Sequestered Carbon
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Fischer-Tropsch Production Fischer-Tropsch . In addition to traditional refinery technologies, there is one other technology that is used to produce liquid fuels: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The Fischer-Tropsch process can convert any high-carbon stream ultimately to liquid fuels at significant environmental costs. It is the process used today in several countries to convert coal and natural gas to liquid fuels.
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Vehicle Ownership and GDP/Capita 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 GDP per Capita U.S. Japan France U.K.
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World Vehicle Projections By 2050, 3.0 - 4.0 BILLION vehicles in the world (depending on population growth, economic growth, consumer habits)
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Where does a car’s gasoline go? 6% accelerates the car, <1% moves the driver
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2009 for the course PHYS 202 taught by Professor Ozel during the Spring '09 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Transportation - Energy, Society, and the Environment Unit...

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