NTR321 Exam3Learning Obj - Vulnerable Populations 1) List...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1) List and describe the vulnerable populations discussed in class. Identify why those groups are considered to be vulnerable. Infants, children, pregnant and lactating women, the elderly. Most of them have increased needs because they need growth. For infants and elderly, their ability to digest isn’t as sufficient; they cant take in the same amt of food as a reg adult. For elderly, they need protein for immune function. Also for the elderly, they obtain less vit D because they stay out of the sun (low vit D, low calcium, osteoporosis. When a women is lactacting she needs nutrients to give them to her children. 2 ) Identify recommendations for energy and protein intake during pregnancy and lactation. Discuss the rationale for these recommendations and the consequences that occur if the recommendations are not met. Protein (preg)needs increase approx 25g/day Protein (lac) needs increase approx 25g/day for 6 months, 12g/day thereafter Energy (preg) needs increase 300 kcal/day Energy (lac) needs increase approx 330-400 kcals/day Reproductive difficulties Starvation – growth and development Inadequate energy and protein lead to LBW Infants with LBW have higher mortality and morbidity rates, limited nutrient reserves, increase nutrient needs, immature GI tract When a diet is low in kcal and/or protein, it is likely to be deficient in other nutrients 3) Identify vitamin and minerals discussed during the semester in regard to pregnancy and lactation. Identify the relationship between intake of nutrients and levels of the nutrient found in breast milk. Discuss the consequences related to inadequate intake of these nutrients. Nutrient Problems / Pregnancy Nutrient in Breast Milk Vitamin A Anemia / Decrease immune fxn Reflects maternal status Folate Neural Tube Defect Constant except in cases of severe deficiency Iron Anemia, pre-term, LBW Constant level regardless of maternal status Zinc Decrease immune fxn, May cause IUGR Decreases over time regardless of maternal status Iodine Cretinism Reflects maternal status 4) Identify and discuss the consequences of nutritional inadequacy for kcals, protein, and other nutrients identified in previous question. 5) Discuss the advantages and concerns associated with breast feeding in the developing world. Some women are looked down on for breastfeeding bc they cannot afford the formula. Africa has some cultura issues in HIV. In developing worlds, the risk of NOT breastfeeding is greater than transferring HIV therefore women should breastfeed even with HIV. (in the US, you do not breastfeed if you have HIV.) 6) Discuss the concerns associated with aging in the developing world. 25% of population is vegan in India
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/05/2009 for the course NTR Nutrition taught by Professor Meadows during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 8

NTR321 Exam3Learning Obj - Vulnerable Populations 1) List...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online