# 9-twoup - Graphs Defn An undirected graph is a pair V E...

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Unformatted text preview: Graphs Defn: An undirected graph is a pair ( V, E ) , where • V is a finite set of vertices ; and • E is a set of edges , which are 2-element subsets of V . Defn: A directed graph is a pair ( V, E ) , where • V is a finite set of vertices ; and • E is a set of edges , which are ordered pairs of distinct elements of V . 1 The Data Type Edge Representation Variables: • source : the vertex at which the edge begins • dest : the vertex at which the edge ends • data : information associated with the edge All variables are readable. 2 Precondition: n is a Nat . Postcondition: Constructs a Graph with vertices , . . . , n − 1 and no edges. Graph ( n ) Precondition: true . Postcondition: Returns the number of vertices. Graph.Size () Precondition: i and j are Nat s less than the number of vertices, i negationslash = j , x refers to a non- nil item. Postcondition: Associates x with the edge ( i, j ) , adding this edge if necessary. Graph.Put ( i, j, x ) 3 Precondition: i and j are Nat s less than the number of vertices. Postcondition: Returns the data item associated with edge ( i, j ) , or nil if ( i, j ) is not in the graph. Graph.Get ( i, j ) Precondition: i is a Nat less than the number of vertices. Postcondition: Returns a ConsList of Edge s representing the edges proceeding from vertex i , where an edge ( i, j ) with data x is represented by an Edge with source = i , dest = j , and data = x . Graph.AllFrom ( i ) 4 Universal Sink Detection Defn: Let G = ( V, E ) be a directed graph. A universal sink in G is a vertex u ∈ V such that for every v ∈ V \{ u } : • ( u, v ) negationslash∈ E ; and • ( v, u ) ∈ E . Input: A directed graph G . Output: A universal sink in G , or − 1 if no universal sink exists. 5 Variation: Restrict the input to nonempty graphs, and return an arbitrary vertex if no universal sink exists. • If G has only one vertex, we can return it....
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9-twoup - Graphs Defn An undirected graph is a pair V E...

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