BIO211Ch5-1.MacromoleculesBB

BIO211Ch5-1.MacromoleculesBB - 5. Biological Molecules K....

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5. Biological Molecules K. Sathasivan
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Biological Molecules Carbohydrates    Mono-, di- and polysaccharides  Lipids Fats, phospholipids and  steroids  Proteins Amino acids and polypeptides  Nucleic Acids Nucleotides, DNA and RNA
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Condensation Synthesis and  Hydrolysis Polymers such as carbohydrates, lipids and proteins are made from monomers by condensation synthesis. Breakdown of all polymers involve hydrolysis. Monomer dimer trimer oligomer polymer
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Carbohydrates Simple sugars
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Carbohydrates Ring structure formation in a monosaccharide
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Disaccharides Maltose (glucose + glucose) Sucrose (glucose + fructose) Lactose (glucose + galactose)
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Structural cellulose chitin    Storage starch glygogen Polysaccharides
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Starch and cellulose Starch (left) has  α , 1-4 linkages and Cellulose  (right) has  β  1-4 linkages.
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Enzymes and Polysaccharides Chitinase  is made by plants  to defend against fungal 
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This note was uploaded on 09/06/2009 for the course BIO 211 taught by Professor Cohen during the Fall '05 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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BIO211Ch5-1.MacromoleculesBB - 5. Biological Molecules K....

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