lecture 10 - 10 Organohalides Based on McMurry's Organic...

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10. Organohalides Based on McMurry’s Organic Chemistry , 7 th edition
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2 What Is an Alkyl Halide An organic compound containing at least one carbon- halogen bond (C-X) X (F, Cl, Br, I) replaces H Can contain many C-X bonds Properties and some uses Fire-resistant solvents Refrigerants Pharmaceuticals and precursors
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3 Why this Chapter? Reactions involving organohalides are less frequently encountered than other organic compounds, but reactions such as nucleophilic substitutions/eliminations that they undergo will be encountered Alkyl halide chemistry is model for mechanistically similar but more complex
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4 10.1 Naming Alkyl Halides Find longest chain, name it as parent chain (Contains double or triple bond if present) Number from end nearest any substituent (alkyl or halogen)
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5 Naming if Two Halides or Alkyl Are Equally Distant from Ends of Chain Begin at the end nearer the substituent whose name comes first in the alphabet
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6 10.2 Structure of Alkyl Halides C-X bond is longer as you go down periodic table C-X bond is weaker as you go down periodic table C-X bond is polarized with slight positive on carbon and slight negative on halogen
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This note was uploaded on 09/06/2009 for the course CHEM chem 12 AB taught by Professor Adamczeski during the Spring '09 term at San Jose City College.

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lecture 10 - 10 Organohalides Based on McMurry's Organic...

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